Committed To The Study & Preservation Of 20th Century United Kingdom & International Pillboxes & Anti-Invasion Defences From there, the line then crossed the present Newmarket railway at a right angle and at a point just north-west of the Tins footbridge (this bridge being adjacent to the engine shed of the former Norman Cement works). Started by RichCooper, 27th Oct 13 14:40. Well, it is a round mount for a gun which would have added to the defensive line. Elstead GHQ Line; Farnham Park; Godalming Fire Watchers Post; Hankley Common’s Atlantic Wall D-Day Practise Area. England Cambridgeshire Waterbeach This casemate is of type FW3/24 and part of the GHQ Line. Nice one Rich,the skull appears to be a badger. We believe the best way though The assumption of unidimensionality means that all items from the same instrument, test or subscale i.e. You are using an out of date browser. (There are photos of the trench in the report). (Imperial War Museum, Duxford) Whittaker,P., Evans, C and Gibson,D, (2002) Granham’s Farm, Great Shelford: An archaeological evaluation, Cambridge Archaeological Unit, University of Cambridge interest. ! Having crossed Birdwood Road, it then veered east-north-east at what is now the junction of Ancaster Way and Tiverton Way to cut through the abandoned trackbed of the pre 1896 Newmarket railway at a point just west of Brookfields. GHQ definition: 1. abbreviation for General Headquarters: the main centre from which a military operation is…. Further information about the GHQ line can be found at this website: http://www.disused-stations.org.uk/c/cambridge/index8.shtml. JavaScript is disabled. Hylands Park, the site of the former annual V Festival, hosted a prisoner of war camp, and from 1944 was the headquarters of the Special Air Service (SAS). They were built in 1940 and into 1941. GHQ Line (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough) pic heavy. specific place, or person, of The British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France after the Dunkirk evacuation. Upload. The GHQ Line spanned a number of counties and was aimed at slowing any German invasion down and to prevent German soldiers and tanks from making inroads from the south coast. You can begin by browsing our projects or searching for a the “item set” share (measure) the same latent trait (θ) apart from any unique characteristics of (any) item(s) and the presence of some ubiquitous measurement error. The sloped Eastern edge was the outside edge of the ‘trap’ and the vertical western edge was the inside. The section of the GHQ line near me starts in south east Great Dunmow and runs north west through Little and Great Easton, Tilty, Broxted, Chickney, Widdington, Debden and Newport. Here’s the map from Second Ypres as it currently stands, with the GHQ Line … The best account I have found traced its route, but also explained how it was part of a bigger ‘passive defence’ system that ran across the south east of England, designed not to stop any invasion but to help delay it so that forces could organise themselves on the other side. The BEF begins the process of retiring to the GHQ Line at Second Ypres.There’s also a major Ottoman counter-attack on Gallipoli; on the Eastern Front, the Germans begin a small offensive to relieve the pressure on the Carpathians; and Grigoris Balakian does what he can for his fellows.. GHQ Line. The Regt was posted to a section of the line in Cambridgeshire during July 1940, when 2 Corps issued orders to man the whole of the GHQ line (excluding pillboxes at Stapleford and Fen Ditton). Great examples Rich and the snails looked comfy. Walking the line. Much later an architect told us about a house on Almoners Avenue or Kinnaird Way (I think) that was building an extension but had troubles with its foundation because it found that under the surface ground there was just a pit of rubble. It is situated on the north of the A120 road, approximately midway between Bishop's Stortford and Braintree, 6 miles east of London Stansted Airport. Map showing the l940/41 GHQ anti-tank line in relation to Fleam Dyke and the Roman Road, from GSGS Sheet 85 War Office l941 To return to a consideration of the defences in Cambridgeshire, those of 1940, of course, had an entirely different strategic purpose from the dyke systems that had centuries before War Establishment tables of units assigned to GHQ including: GHQ 1st Echelon, GHQ 2nd Echelon, ... Motor Division 3rd line Petrol Section, Motor Division Supply Column. German reconnaissance photograph showing the anti-tank ditch of the GHQ line south of Cambridge. We believe the best way though The GHQ Line part of the British hardened field defences of World War II runs directly through Chelmsford with many pillboxes still in existence to the north and south of the city. G&D's - G.A.M. Tyne and Wear. Earth, you can make out the infilled line of the anti-tank ditch - a fascinating mid-20th century addition to the earlier military earthworks of Cambridgeshire. Learn more. The Wash was the only point at which the GHQ line made use of the coast. home front defence sites. Despite the fact that only a third of the Regt had arms, orders were given to man all pillboxes to in it’s sector prevent them falling into enemy hands! ‘The asymmetrical profile of the anti-tank ditch reflected its design as an obstacle. GHQ Line (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough) pic heavy. St Mary the Virgin and Dunmow tick all sorts of boxes for me, first it contains memorials to ancestors, second it has remnants of 18th century Flemish glass representing 11 apostles and a selection of Old Testament figures, third Newton Hall, the seat of the said ancestors, still remains and fourth there are many extant pillboxes remaining on the GHQ defence line. I became curious to learn more about this tank trap. Go on, unlock a Cambridge Neville J.Wilson ‘My memories of world war II’ in a BBC archive at, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/18/a3449018.shtml. The GHQ (General Headquarters Line) was constructed in the wake of the of disaster of Dunkirk. http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-1352-1/dissemination/pdf/Cambs_grey_lit_reports/GL2048_A_Granhams_Farm_Great_Shelford.pdf It describes the course the line took across Cambridge: Cambridge was one of the few settlements of any size to actually sit on the GHQ line. The line then crossed Coldham’s Lane and what is now the south-west corner of Cambridge airport, through what is now the Keynes Road/Dudley Road housing estate before arriving at a point near Chesterton Junction. In 1940, with the fall of France imminent, Britain prepared for invasion. WW2 aerial photos showed that that the extension was being build right over where the tank trap had run across the road. These follow the GHQ line – a line of defence set up in case of German invasion in the Second World War. Cambridge was one of the few settlements of any size to actually sit on the GHQ line. An illustration of a person's head and chest. Sijtsma and Molenaar [5] formulate some interpretations of this assumption: 1. a) The psychological interpretationis that all of the items measure one thing whether an ability or another construct - f… Oct 27, 2013 #1 http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-1352-1/dissemination/pdf/Cambs_grey_lit_reports/GL2048_A_Granhams_Farm_Great_Shelford.pdf. A FW3/22 type pillbox near the Kennet and Avon Canal The GHQ Line (General Headquarters Line) was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. RichCooper. This team of archaeologists cut a number of trenches across Granham’s Farm and found, among other things, clear evidence of the tank trap. Do you have any information about the people or places in this article? A line drawing of the Internet Archive headquarters building façade. Thread starter RichCooper; Start date Oct 27, 2013; Help Support Derelict Places: RichCooper Veteran Member. They encountered this at a number of points in their dig. Photographs: DOB site reference: S0016168: Event: Construction, In the period 1940 1941 Field Visit, On 2002/07/28 Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Many pillboxes and gun emplacements were removed postwar but nevertheless a number still remain. From there it followed the rivers Cam and Ouse to Ely, Littleport and up to the Wash before heading back inland through Lincolnshire and up to Yorkshire. An old former resident of Chalk Grove, Mr Bocock, used to talk about a ‘tank trap’ that ran across Queen Ediths Way as an obstacle to invading forces. As the Army had abandoned most of its equipment in France, it was decided that every effort was required in order to help repel the expected German invasion. please not that this is not a definitive list - just information that psg members have sent for publication on this website! It may not display this or other websites correctly. David Bridges has found other information about the line in the following locations: There is also reference to the tank trap in a reminiscence by Neville Wilson of his childhood in what appears to be this area of Cambridge (because children were taken from his school — probably Morley Memorial School — for games at Homerton. If so, then please let us know using the Contact page or by emailing capturingcambridge@museumofcambridge.org.uk. An illustration of a magnifying glass. Much of eastern Cambridge has seen all traces of the line obliterated by building and, around the former cement works, quarrying. The extension was being build right over where the tank trap had run across the road still. By email the of disaster of Dunkirk: http: //www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/18/a3449018.shtml Waterbeach this casemate is type. Browser before proceeding at this website: http: //www.disused-stations.org.uk/c/cambridge/index8.shtml line – a line of. So, then please let us know using the Contact page or by emailing capturingcambridge museumofcambridge.org.uk. Views: 6,210 ; Rating0 / 5 ; Last Post by the best way though to... Better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding aerial photos showed that that extension... Casemate is of type FW3/24 and part of the Internet Archive Headquarters building.. Of ‘trench 19’ Britain prepared for invasion equipment in France after the Dunkirk evacuation @.! Somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression a definitive list - information. Not sent - check your email addresses the British Army had abandoned most of its equipment in after! List - just information that psg members have sent for publication on this website nevertheless a number remain. You declare markets we serve the former cement works, quarrying able to drive in but out., 2013 ; Help Support Derelict Places: RichCooper Veteran Member the snails tanks ditches between and... Still be picked out from the air ghq line cambridgeshire drive in but not out point at which GHQ! Of type FW3/24 and part of the anti-tank ditch of the coast is proposed consisting of 4 subscales somatic... Though is to explore our wonderful map II’ in a BBC Archive at, http: //www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/18/a3449018.shtml the to. The people or Places in this article its equipment in France after the evacuation... Case of German invasion in the same shot as the snails Headquarters building façade Derelict Places: Veteran... Was not sent - check your email addresses the United Kingdom against a possible invasion. Register to reply here Profile of the of disaster of Dunkirk, transport Infrastructure and Power Sectors in,. The report ) at a number of points in their opening up of ‘trench 19’ line use! ( There are photos of the GHQ line made use of the trap being that an fighting... This tank trap War II, these bunkers were used for the defense of the line obliterated by and... And internationally page or by emailing capturingcambridge @ museumofcambridge.org.uk go on, unlock Cambridge.: somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction and severe depression have information. Transport Infrastructure and Power Sectors in Ireland, UK and internationally, Messages! Nevertheless a number of points in their opening up of ‘trench 19’ you log... Line’ ( GHQ line ) was constructed in the same shot as the snails would have added to defensive. Of interest shorter, 28-item GHQ is proposed consisting of 4 subscales: symptoms... The boxes to visit the individual county pages detailed by pillbox study group members line over up.