Each vine consists of elongated triangular leaves that can grow up to 6″ (15 cm) long. Hi! Another type of ivy includes ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), a member of the mint family that grows very fast and features bluish-purple flowers. It has glossy dark green lobed foliage, with the ability to grow as tall or long as 100 feet. Also known as Algerian ivy and North African ivy, this plant is native to North Africa and the Canary Islands. It will produce the most pronounced colors in continual moist soils with a good amount of sunlight, though even in the shade distinct variegation remains. When grown in full sun, the plant will have stunted growth and struggle to reach its maximum expected size. Persian Ivy (Hedera colchica) 3. Its large leaves are greenish-gray with creamy white edges. Prefers some shade in zone 7-10. Consistently moist soil is best for this plant, but it will still grow in less than ideal soil conditions. Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens) The candytuft plant (Iberis sempervirens) is truly dazzling, with its … There are many to choose from – basically any plant that will hug the soil leaving very little bare soil exposed can be classed as a ground cover, whether it’s a herb, perennial or a low-growing shrub. It grows well on trellises and walls and will cover fences readily. The leaves are close together, giving the impression of a dense green carpet when used as a groundcover. Flowering vines aren't just for gardeners with limited space. If kept trimmed back from walls or fences, growing it this way rarely leads to berries forming. Clumpers spread and increase in size each spring. Nepeta glechoma Benth., Nepeta hederacea Trevir.) Goldchild is a popular type of English ivy that can be identified by its smaller leaves than Hedera helix but with bright yellow or gold edges. Some types of ivy plants are on the list of the best shower plants to keep in the bathroom. More than 400 cultivars of ivy exist in the world. The Canarian ivy is possibly the most dramatic of all ivy plants, with large glossy foliage that can measure up to 8 inches long. If you are looking for indoor plants that are easy to care for, then different types of ivies are a good choice. Ivies are the perfect outdoor plant if you need to hide unsightly features, cover arbors, or provide shade in your garden. In the state of Washington, for example, mats of ivy growing in the wild offer a natural habitat for Norway rats. Needlepoint ivy grows well in most types of soil in shady areas. Ivy is typically a low-maintenance plant, making it ideal for beginner gardeners or those who don’t want to spend too much time tending to their yard. 4. It is an evergreen climber, reaching heights of up to 100 feet with support. English ivy is a good ground cover or lawn alternative for shady areas. Water: Medium moisture, somewhat drought-tolerant. Its scientific name is Glechoma hederacea. First, your ivy needs plenty of natural light, but shouldn’t stand in direct sunlight. It produces white to purple flowers throughout the year, amid glossy green, ovate foliage (Missouri Botanical Garden). This is a dramatic-looking ivy variety that looks good growing up walls, trellises, and slopes. English ivy is a hardy ground cover and wall-climbing plant that can be troublesome for homeowners. Evergreen foliage with white flower masses. This plant works well as ground cover in small areas or as a bedding plant, as the vines reach a maximum length of 3 feet and therefore aren’t best suited for use as a climbing plant. Types of Ivy Vines. The Russian ivy shouldn’t be confused with a type of climbing vine called the Russian vine (Fallopia baldschuanica). The Japanese ivy (Hedera rhombea) is native to Asian countries and has fairly large heart-shaped leaves. English Ivy is very time consuming to control and harmful to forest and riparian areas. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? These hanging plants require bright areas (but not direct sunlight) and moist, fertile soil. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and alehoof. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and alehoof. Some of the best types of ivy include the following. For a more traditional ground cover ivy, consider a cultivar of English ivy (Hedera helix). It’s a perennial evergreen creeper and from the mint family of Lamiaceae. But its is also a climber, due to its aerial rootlets, which allow it to climb to heights of 80 feet. Quick to cover walls or ground, self-clinging Persian ivy needs careful consideration before planting, as it will keep going up to about 16 feet. One of the reasons that killing English ivy is difficult is because the leaves of the plant are covered with a waxy substance that helps prevent herbicides from penetrating into the plant. The container pots will contain the roots and prevent them from spreading. Ground covers are indispensible in the garden; they give even a newly planted place a decidedly old, romantic appearance, and you can use them to beautify difficult spots where grass won’t grow. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Roots as it spreads along ground. When selecting ground cover, there are three primary forms to choose from: stone, wood mulch, and rubber. Article. Q. I would like some advice on types of ivy to plant as ground cover.A. Although this is a type of flowering ivy, the flowers and fruits are fairly inconspicuous. If you’d like to provide year-round cover for a particular garden area, turn to evergreen groundcover varieties for the job. Grow Bacopa as a blooming ground cover, or to top off a retaining wall in style.Ivy (Hedera) Gazania (Gazania rigens) are flowering ground cover plants producing large, daisy-like flowers in brilliant shades of yellow and orange, over a long period in summer, often planted as drought-tolerant ground-cover. 1. There are over 500 cultivars of English Ivy: some of the most popular include: ‘Goldchild’: The foliage of this plant is variegated, in gray-green with yellow margins. Its scientific name is Glechoma hederacea. The Algerian ivy can climb up walls fairly quickly with its vines reaching up to 40 ft. (12 m). The reason why this type of vine is grouped with ivies is because of its climbing ability. Generally, the various types of ivy are named after their native countries. Once the climbing vine is established, you only need to water it when the weather is especially dry. Persian ivy has a vigorous growth habit and can become a problem if it is left to grow unchecked. Ivy is a plant in the botanical genus Hedera that produces evergreen leaves that grow quickly. Learn more. Perennialplants come back each year to provide visual interest, weed cover, and moisture retention. For a basic look that will solve erosion issues, use one variety of ground cover and buy in bulk to save money. Ground cover plants can help to protect soil and prevent erosion by absorbing water and preventing runoff. This ivy is native to Russia, Armenia, and Iran, and is sometimes referred to as Iranian Ivy. It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. Special Features: Excellent air filtering properties. Special Features: Produces flowers and berries. Please keep ivy out of America and Canada It kills trees and shrubs. Russian Ivy. It is a type of flowering plant in the same family as sage and mint and isn’t related to plants in the Hedera species. Turfgrass lawns are one of the best renovating ground covers that we can invest in.Using grasses, flowers, ivies, mosses, wildflowers, and some not so well known covers such as Dichondra, we can restore and keep the soil where it is needed.Natural groundcovers return oxygen to the atmosphere as a by-product of during photosynthesis. Although the types of ivy may look similar, there are subtle differences between them. In this article, you will learn about the many different varieties of ivy and how to care for them well. This plant is native to East Asia, where it grows commonly on slopes and tree trunks in forests and woodlands. Although some people refer to the Algerian ivy as the Canary ivy, the Canarian ivy is its own species. English Ivy (Hedera helix) Mature Size: Up to 100 feet in height Hardiness Zone: 5-11 Light: Partial shade to full shade Water: Average moisture ... 2. Variegated varieties of this plant are less suited to cold weather and should only be grown outdoors in warmer climates; however, if you are a fan of this plant, then consider giving it a home indoors as a houseplant, where it will appreciate the warmth and bright indirect light. Ivalace ivy is a good houseplant because of its ornamental look and it’s an easy and versatile plant to look after. English ivy can act as a ground cover, spreading horizontally and reaching 8 inches in height. Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu) Admin. The large shiny green foliage provides good dense cover. Irish ivy (also known as Atlantic ivy) is a close relation of English ivy, and in fact, it can be difficult to tell the two apart. These beautiful, hard-working plants have so much to offer. They require similar growing conditions and strongly resemble each other’s appearance. English ivy is a hardy ground cover and wall-climbing plant that can be troublesome for homeowners. Leaves are dark green with a yellow margin, which is again edged in green. All types of English ivy are climbing ivy plants and they can reach up to 100 ft. (30 m) in the right conditions. Ground cover plants can help to protect soil and prevent erosion by absorbing water and preventing runoff. People can use all types of plants as ground cover. Nepeta glechoma Benth., Nepeta hederacea Trevir.) Great for walkway edges and lawn subsitute. Gloire de Marengo is a variegated type of Algerian ivy with large, heart-shaped leaves. A mixture of groundcovers provides many benefits to a garden and helps … Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. Although this is a climber plant, it doesn’t climb as tall as some of the other types of ivies. It can be identified by its unusually large yellow and lime green leaves. The Swedish ivy (Plectranthus verticillatus) does not belong to the family of “true” ivy vines. They perform well in Chicago soils, are winter-hardy and color up a rich red in the fall. If you have a vertical space that you need to dress up a bit, such as an arbor, wall, or trellis, ivies... Indoor Ivies. Native to countries in Asia, the Himalayan ivy (Hedera nepalensis) can grow at altitudes of up to 3,000 m. The leaves of the Himalayan ivy are dark green with light-colored veins running through them. They are also classified as woody vines. Closely related to the Canarian ivy is the Moroccan ivy (Hedera maroccana). Algerian Ivy - Glossy green 6" leaves with 3-7 lobes. One of the fastest-growing ivies, the Persian ivy (Hedera colchica) is a good climbing ivy with large shiny leaves. In an ecosystem, the ground cover forms the layer of vegetation below the shrub layer known as the herbaceous layer.The most widespread ground covers are grasses of various types.. Usually, Japanese ivies are not cultivated for their climbing ability or ground cover but as ornamental features in gardens. Leaves are dark green and have a strong festive feel. The foliage of this ivy is mid-green and has a stretched heart-shape going into a deep point. If there are no surfaces to cling to, then the Canarian ivy also provides good ground cover. It has fairly large leaves that provide dense coverage where it grows. Foliage is a glossy deep green with pale veins, and leaves have 5 lobes. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in … Glechon is Greek for mint, while hederacea means “ivy-like”. high and provides great coverage for large areas. The plants are well suited to shade and poor conditions. The leaves can grow between 6″ to 10″ (15 – 25 cm) long and have a dark green glossy color. However, the ease with which English ivy is able to thrive also makes it problematic in some areas, as it continues to grow even where it is not wanted. Not all types of plants are suitable for wet areas, so it's important to choose ground cover carefully for constantly wet areas or places that periodically flood. As its name suggests, the Needlepoint ivy (Hedera helix ‘Needlepoint’) is identified by its leaf shape with small sharply-pointed lobes. This plant produces clusters of green flowers, which are followed by dark blue grapes. Iberis Purity Candytuft. This broad-leafed ivy plant typically has dark green leaves, although you can also find variegated varieties. There should be plenty of drainage from the pot to prevent the ivy standing in water. 3. It can thrive in any lighting condition, from full sun to full shade, but prefers a balance of both sun and shade. Slow to start, once established it will quickly cover ground and choke out weeds. It also works well as a houseplant and is one of the most effective houseplants available at filtering toxins from the air. This low-lying ground cover plant produces flower blossoms in an array of outstanding colors. Other names for the Swedish ivy are the Swedish begonia or “creeping Charlie.” The long trailing leaves mean that the plant is a good houseplant for hanging baskets. Examples include english ivy, sweet potatoes. A striking feature about Japanese ivy vine leaves is the white veins running through the dark green leaves. It is considered an evergreen perennial in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 12 but can be grown in colder climates as an annual. Aside from beneficial lizards and pesky insects, other wildlife enjoy creating a home under the cover of vines or ivy. This is a variegated ivy with lime green and bright gold flowers. Birds will eat the berries and spread it who knows where and it will spread like wildfire destroying all your wildflowers, smothering any new trees seedlings and leaving you with a dense ground covering of ivy … It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. There are many types of ivy, ranging from rampant climbers to tiny miniatures. It is also commonly used as a groundcover, creating a green blanket over the soil surface between shrubs and trees. This type of English ivy looks great in hanging baskets, small containers, or as ground cover in your garden. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. high and provides great coverage for large areas. First, the trailing plant doesn’t cling to walls or surfaces. A popular cultivar of Russian ivy is the ‘Ann Ala,’ which has gained recognition from the Royal Horticultural Society, who awarded it with the Award of Garden Merit. White flowers with tiny fruit. The most popular outdoor varieties of ivy plants are English ivy, Algerian ivy, Irish ivy plant, Japanese ivy vine, Himalayan ivy, and Persian ivy. English ivy remains green all year as a ground cover but is susceptible to winter burn on an exposed wall and may die to the ground in a severe winter. It becomes established very quickly and climbs or spreads from aerial roots. Ground covers are indispensible in the garden; they give even a newly planted place a decidedly old, romantic appearance, and you can use them to beautify difficult spots where grass won’t grow. Due to this, English ivy is an excellent plant to have in your winter garden, offering greenery when many other plants fail to survive. Ground ivy is a species of plant with green leaves and flowers. Grow Bacopa as a blooming ground cover, or to top off a retaining wall in style.Ivy (Hedera) Gazania (Gazania rigens) are flowering ground cover plants producing large, daisy-like flowers in brilliant shades of yellow and orange, over a long period in summer, often planted as drought-tolerant ground-cover. It works well as a houseplant, as well as various outdoor locations. They are the largest leaves of any ivy plant and can appear in variegated or solid colors depending on the cultivar. The ivy if allowed to climb will seed to be distributed by wildlife; it also overtakes and weakens the trees while its ground cover habit also prevents the growth of the native species and regeneration of the forest. It should be positioned in a partially shaded spot, with an emphasis on shade in the afternoon when the sun is at its most potent. Creeping Phlox (Phlox stolonifera) Phlox is a full sun evergreen ground cover. Variegated Goutweed – grows about 6 inches (15 cm.) Roots Some vines have roots that dig into surfaces to secure them, most ground cover vines work this way. Some local authorities take steps to remove this type of ivy due to its fast growth rate. … English Ivy – A favorite steep hill ground cover, this woody vine will root wherever it touches. In the summertime, this becomes a flowering ivy with small white flowers that develop into small inedible fruit. Annualground co… Another variety of English ivy (Hedera helix) is Ivalace. Noble Member #4077. Unlike some types of ivy, the Russian ivy has thin leaves that are light green and often with wavy edges. Evergreenplants provide cover all year round without the need for much maintenance. However, even if your room isn’t too bright, English ivy still grows well. Thanks in advance! It is more tolerant of the sun than English ivy but would prefer a few hours of respite from the sun where possible. Leaves can range in size from small to large, and provide the background to simple yellow flowers that bloom from October to April. In fact, the Persian ivy produces some of the largest leaves from any of the ivy varieties. It is used as a ground cover, in topiary displays, in hanging baskets, or sprawling over a windowsill as a houseplant. Common Types and Characteristics of Ivy Plants Climbing Ivies. In addition to offering year-round color, flowering vines can be used to screen a view, shade a private spot in a … Depending on their surroundings, these woody plants can be both ground creeping or climbing nearby trees, rocks, buildings, and pretty much anything they can lay their stems on. It is extremely low-maintenance and versatile, making it a brilliant plant for a variety of situations. 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