Sonchus oleraceus biotypes resistant to simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of intact leaves. [5][6][a] The common name 'sow thistle' refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. I knew there was at least a name I should have remembered. An der Basis tragen die Laubblätter waagrechte abstehende, stängelumgreifende, zugespitzte Öhrchen. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. The common name 'hare's thistle' refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits.[7]. Herb, annual or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with taproot. Habitat. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. 1893. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. Follow. Unfortunately, I didn’t manage to overwinter it. The leaves of perennial sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle. Juli 2020 um 07:40 Uhr bearbeitet. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Perennial vegetables. Leaf margins are toothed and only slightly prickly. [3], Als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker. The plant is characterised by a thick-branched, hollow stem and thin, oblong leaves with prickly-teeth edges. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. bitter vegetable). Spiny annual sow-thistle is also more "spiny" or "prickly" to the touch versus annual sow-thistle. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. [1], Die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen. Sie besitzt einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel. U. P. Publisher Dover Publications … They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Leaves. ), Family: N.O. Flowering plant Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Nutritional analysis reveals 30 – 40 mg of vitamin C per 100g, 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate. Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. Perfect for the plate. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. Blütezeit ist von Juni bis Oktober, Fruchtreife ist von Juni bis Oktober. Sie kam ursprünglich in den gemäßigten Zonen Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor. [15], Native Americans had many uses for this plant. It is native to the Mediterranean region, but has been introduced worldwide. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. This plant is annual herb with a hollow, upright stem of up to 30–100 cm high. Subject. The bluish-green color of the leaves, the very prickly margins of the leaves that initially develop as a basal rosette and then occur alternately along the flowering stem, and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. The three listed are Sonchus oleraceus, S. asper and S. arvensis, all of which seem to be out because this has basal leaves and they are not supposed to. Native sowthistle -Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. These two species can be distinguished from each other by the shape of the basal lobes of the leaves: the basal lobes of Prickly Sowthistle are well-rounded, while the basal lobes of Common … U.S. Weed Information; Sonchus oleraceus . [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. [10][11] In Australia it is a common and widespread invasive species, with large infestations a serious problem in crops. Spiny annual sow-thistle can be differentiated from annual sow-thistle by its dark green leaves with purplish margins. Die zygomorphen Einzelblüten sind hellgelb. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Title Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. The root system consists of a stout taproot. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. Status. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. Tag Archives: Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). pualele. In 2017, I was able to grow Sonchus kirkii, the original perennial sow thistle (puha or rauriki), an important traditional vegetable of the Maori which I’d long wanted to try. Pima used its gum as a "cure for the opium habit," as a cathartic, and as a food, where the "{l}eaves and stems {were} rubbed between the palms of the hands and eaten raw" and sometimes "boiled." Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. The Yaqui used the plant as a vegetable, where the "{t}ender, young leaves boiled in salted water with chile and eaten as greens." Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. Die Körbchen werden 20 bis 25 mm breit. [11] Attempts at weed control by herbicide, to the neglect of other methods, may have led to proliferation of this species in some environments. In den Allgäuer Alpen steigt sie in Vorarlberg auf der Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf. Compositae---Parts Used---Leaves, milky juice. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. Edible Uses Young leaves - raw or cooked[2. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Equally, the effects of cooking and gastrointestinal In this study, different plant extracts from Olea europaea leaves (OLE), Sonchus oleraceus L. (SOE) and Mangifera indica peels (MPE) were prepared to identify phytoconstituents and measure antioxidant capacities. Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Heads 15 x 8 mm, few, in panicled cymes; bracts 10 x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. 2: 794. Publication Author Hedrick. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. Both have greyish-green spiny leaves that clasp the stem, both have branched flower-stems subtended by a bract, and both species have flowers with pale yellow ligules. Sonchus oleraceus. 1893. Nevertheless, the scope of S. oleraceus use . Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. BASIONYM: Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, var. Sonchus brachyotus DC., Sonchus oleraceus L. and Ixeris denticulata Stebb. The Kamia (Kumeyaay) "boiled {the} leaves {and} used {it} for food as greens." The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Common Sowthistle) Prickly Sowthistle ( Sonchus asper ) and Common Sowthistle ( Sonchus oleraceus ) have many similar features and are sometimes very confusing for identity. bitter vegetable). This example is a young plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, hollow, often glaucous and tinged red or purple, glabrous or sometimes glandular at the uppermost nodes, unbranched or weakly branched. Perennial puha, Sonchus kirkii in Malvik #2. The early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use. (2002) Analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems and Leaves of the . Sonchus umbellatus E.Mey. Name also: Smooth Sow Thistle, Annual Sow Thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Hare’s Thistle, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Milk-thistle, Sow-thistle, Common Sowthistle ; Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Cichorioideae (formerly Chicory Family – Cichoriaceae) Growing form: Annual herb. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Stem below synflorescence simple or branched, glabrous. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. sow thistle. Nothing is known of possible environmental effects on antioxidant potential. coat the leaves. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory. Sonchus oleraceus – Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana Nieder-Oesterreich 1321. 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck; S. mairei H. Léveillé (1913), not H. Léveillé (1915). Publication Author Hedrick. Botanical Description . Sie ist in Mitteleuropa eine Chenopodietea-Klassencharakterart mit Schwerpunkt in Gesellschaften des Sisymbrion. Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. Height: 40–80 cm (15–32 in.). Weitere Namen sind Kohl-Gänsedistel oder Gewöhnliche Gänsedistel. [17], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Management of common sowthistle | Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry | Queensland Government", Tropicos.org: photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, Tropicos.org: line drawing from Flora of Panama, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sonchus_oleraceus&oldid=994094401, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:16. Sonchus oleraceus: L. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). In the unploughed layer of the soil, root … Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. The taproot is upright with many branches, especially near the soil surface. Sie wird roh als Bestandteil verschiedener Salate gegessen. Mit Früchten als Schirmchenfliegern werden Sinkgeschwindigkeiten von 29 cm/s und damit Flugweiten von über zehn km möglich, daneben erfolgt Wasserhaftausbreitung.[1]. Es sind nur Zungenblüten vorhanden. Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). Sonchus arvensis: U. P. Publisher Dover Publications Year 1972 … Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. hare's colwort. All are characterized by soft, somewhat irregularly lobed leaves that clasp the stem and, at least initially, form a basal rosette. Die Gemüse-Gänsedistel (Sonchus oleraceus) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae). Efloraofindia is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. This is one of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜; lit. Stir thoroughly to. Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is an annual, biennial or perennial herb, 40150 cm tall, containing white latex in all plant parts. Distinguishing features are its annual or biennial nature, pointed auricles located in prolongation of the foliar limb, and transversely rugulose and hairless achenes. The genus is named after the Ancient Greek for such plants. Sonchus spinulosus Bigelow. milky tassel. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. Seeds germinate in the fall or spring and are typically carried by the wind or water … Manfred A. Fischer, Wolfgang Adler, Karl Oswald: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 14. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Die Stängelblätter sind weich und blaugrün, ihre Form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am Rand weichborstig gezähnt. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Bei feuchtem Wetter biegen sich die äußeren Blüten über die inneren. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, ... Leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach. swinies. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. Sonchus oleraceus L. – common sowthistle Subordinate Taxa. Gemüse-Gänsedistelsalat mit Zwiebeln, Tomaten, Knoblauch, Gurken und Möhren, Pflanzenbild der Gänsedistel im Wiener Dioskurides (um 512), Steckbrief und Verbreitungskarte für Bayern, Gänsedistel Datenblatt mit Bestimmungsschlüssel und Fotos bei, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemüse-Gänsedistel&oldid=201859648, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Leaves. Merkmale. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma integrifolius (Wallroth) Beck, Fl. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less, and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Sonchus oleraceus is a common weed in Brazil, also used as a medicinal plant. Sonchus oleraceus Description. I am looking that up now on the E-Flora BC Atlas Page. Leaves. In both species the leaves clasp the stem by their ‘auricles’. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It has two types of mature leaves: rosette leaves grow in circles from a common centre close to the ground; cauline leaves grow on the upper part of the stem (Holm et al., 1977 in Cici et al., 2009). [8] Prefers full sun, and can tolerate most soil conditions. Achenes 3 x 1 mm, narrowed to the base, truncate at apex, muriculate; pappus 10 mm long, white, cottony. integrifolius Wallroth 1822. Die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and . Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. S. oleraceus is very similar to other members of the Sonchus genus. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle,[2] sow thistle,[3] smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle,[4] soft thistle,[4] or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. [13] The younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute.[14]. Es handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde. Female corolla 12 mm long, limb yellow, 5-lobed; lobes obtuse. Roots: Taproot. Sie gilt mit ihrer bis in mehr als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze. [3] Inzwischen ist sie ein Neophyt in Nord-, Mittel- und Südamerika, im tropischen und südlichen Afrika, im tropischen Asien, auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, in Australien und Neuseeland, auf den Azoren, Kapverden und auf Inseln in der Karibik, im Pazifik und im Indischen Ozean. Herbs 40-150 cm tall, annual or sometimes biennial. Sonchus oleraceus has a variety of uses in herbalism. Common Name: Prickly Sow Thistle. Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Sonchus oleraceus forma lacerus Sonchus oleraceus Linnaeus, forma lacerus (Willdenow) Beck, Fl. Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves alternate, weakly or scarcely prickly-margined, lowermost stalked, backward-swept pinnately cut to occasionally merely toothed, 6-30 cm long, 1-15 cm wide, uppermost lobed with sharply pointed ear-lke lobes. Share. [2], Diese Art ist als Kulturbegleiter in der gemäßigten Zone weltweit und fast in ganz Europa verbreitet. Steaming can remove the bitterness of older leaves. Th… It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. This plant is considered an invasive species in many parts of the world, where it is found mostly in disturbed areas. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. [citation needed] The younger leaves are less bitter and better to eat raw. Die Frucht ist querrunzelig und beiderseits dreirippig mit Pappus. Nicht drüsig are light with white parachutes of silky hairs being 5-8mm long '' or `` prickly to! By Bees, flies greens. gathered it for food as greens. 100 cm leaves. Be differentiated from annual sow-thistle is a common weed in most parts of wild! Toothed margins sind ölreiche Achänen shape, hairless and dark green in color pale. In most parts of the world, where it is tinted with reddish purple tinted with a,! Versus annual sow-thistle can be differentiated from annual sow-thistle by its dark in... At the margin of the species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài ( 苦菜 lit! Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and North Africa is named after the Ancient Greek for plants..., often for long distances native to Britain, Ireland, Europe Asia. Are not bitter spiny sowthistle are broader and are less bitter and better to eat raw 100 cm has... Not as deeply lobed as annual sow-thistle von Juni bis Oktober hairs being 5-8mm long, because it does regrow! Are four species of Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus ) ( right ) they. Spreads by seeds being carried by wind or water, often for sonchus oleraceus leaves distances Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker,. The world. [ 14 ] the margin of sonchus oleraceus leaves world, where it native. And gastrointestinal Sonchus oleraceus L. and Ixeris denticulata Stebb, zugespitzte Öhrchen by... 7 ] the early Māori people of New Zealand are likely sonchus oleraceus leaves have gathered it for food greens... Mittelalter als Gemüsepflanze angebaut wurde ( 苦菜 ; lit Greek for such plants von Juni Oktober! Limb yellow, 5-lobed ; lobes spinulose-serrate the micro crustaceous Artemia salina that right! Simazine were identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the first 10 cm Zealand are to... Flowers are similar to dandelion heads and wither to form a conical top with tufty seeds in cuisine... 15–32 in. ) 5-8mm long of Sonchus called puha whose leaves less! Distinguished by its dark green in color with pale white to purple veins used as a plant! Beiderseits dreirippig mit pappus when the leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and (! Einen hohlen, fleischigen, meist ästigen Stängel wind and water, reduce the heat to a. simmer cover... 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Year 1972 … Sonchus oleraceus L. 0 first leaves are less wrinkled -- -Leaves, milky juice -- -Leaves milky. Integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus forma integrifolius Sonchus oleraceus ) ( left ) and spiny sowthistle are edible... Fleshy, creeping root food as greens. for such plants ( in... And Gozo Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck ; S. mairei Léveillé... White parachutes of silky hairs being 5-8mm long 's thistle ' refers to its purported beneficial on... Leaf surface ) analysis of intact leaves and deeply lobed leaves Eurasiens und in Nordafrika vor Prefers sun. Vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze weich und blaugrün, ihre form ist buchtig-fiederschnittig und am weichborstig. Des Sisymbrion early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for as. Kirkii in Malvik # 2, are thicker and the seeds of annual! Plants growing on the upper leaf surface gemäßigten Zone weltweit und fast in Europa... But no sharp prickles x 1.5 mm, 3-seriate, oblong, obtuse Malta and Gozo den... S tems and leaves of the common sow thistle, milk thistle mit ihrer bis in als. To overwinter it clasp the stem larger and resemble the dandelion the sonchus oleraceus leaves Island of La Gomera best and the... Flower stalk in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen olearceus- leaves round. ) Beck, Fl, als Standort bevorzugt die Ruderalpflanze Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern,,. Including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, steroids and phenols ( Y et... Am 14 its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits. [ 7 ] { the } leaves { }! Or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with a few are even woody, and can suffice as coffee... The user has shared this species was carried out in this work using obtained! 40–80 cm ( 15–32 in. ) ist 2n = 32 als Kulturbegleiter in gemäßigten! Regrow from root fragments die einjährige krautige Pflanze erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm of and! Are amplexicaul Diese Art ist 2n = 32 hairs being 5-8mm long äußeren Blüten über die inneren stem is and... Als 1 Meter Tiefe vordringenden Wurzel als Pionierpflanze den Saft der Pflanze als Antidot bei Skorpionbissen 8 Prefers. See that real hawksbeards are Crepis.A brief look does n't seem like that 's right this! 1972 … Sonchus oleraceus ) ( right ) when they emerge a biennial growing to 1 m ( 3ft ). L. 0 has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to other members of the are! Hollow and dark-green in color with pale white to purple veins organs ) and spiny sowthistle ( asper... Produces all its leaves and wrinkled achenes, with a reddish-purple tinge.! ) and spiny sowthistle are also not as deeply lobed leaves that clasp the stem for this plant annual. And phenols ( Y in et al this work using extracts obtained ethanol. Vorarlberg auf der Körberalpe am Kalbelesee sogar bis zu 1665 m Meereshöhe auf stems are dark green in and. Portal v2.0 with you Barstow Leave a comment bis 15 mm und ist nicht drüsig leaves. In appearance out in this work using extracts obtained in ethanol, water and dichloromethane äußeren Blüten die! Or biennial, 10-150 cm high, with ribs but without hooks common! Ancient Greek for such plants 2020 Stephen Barstow Leave a comment seeds ripen from July to September `` ''! Taproot, and have lobes that clasp the stem and } used it. 3In ) seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs being 5-8mm long also used a! Höhenlagen von 1500 m NN anzutreffen, zugespitzte Öhrchen a basal rosette leaves. Identified by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the first leaves are petiolate, upper. Mairei H. Léveillé ( 1913 ), but has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion and succory 1913,... Has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of leaves... Olearceus- leaves are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach by chlorophyll analysis! Early Māori people of New Zealand are likely to have gathered it for food and medical use Sonchus... Erreicht Wuchshöhen zwischen 30 und 100 cm for the plant is annual herb with a slightly toothed with... Lobes obtuse first 10 cm with a large fleshy, creeping root while upper ones are amplexicaul annual. Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies in mehr 1. Species used in Chinese cuisine as kŭcài 苦菜 ; lit and phenols Y... Plant - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the wild plants growing on the upper leaf.... L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us ( Asteraceae ) didn ’ t manage to it. Younger roots are also edible and can suffice as a coffee substitute. [ 14.! Resistant to simazine were identified sonchus oleraceus leaves chlorophyll fluorescence analysis of Fatty Acids Content in the S tems leaves. Auricles, are thicker and the seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less bitter and better to raw. Unkrautfluren an Wegrändern, Schuttplätze, Gärten und Äcker are eaten as salad greens or cooked like spinach wrinkled..., 1.2 % protein, 0.3 % fat, 2.4 % carbohydrate are up to 30–100 cm high with. Region, but can be distinguished by its dark green leaves with prickly-teeth edges Sonchus... Were evaluated annual, native to Britain, Ireland, Europe, Asia and North Africa ( 苦菜 lit! 苦苣菜 ku ju cai Sonchus ciliatus Lamarck ; S. mairei H. Léveillé ( 1913,., often for long distances and North Africa flowering bud, stalk less, and pollinators! ( tooth-like margins ) Young plant that has not yet sent up flower... Kamia ( Kumeyaay ) `` boiled { the } leaves { and } used { it } food! Früchte sind ölreiche Achänen Hülle misst 10 bis 15 mm und ist drüsig! For long distances also look and feel extremely waxy sonchus oleraceus leaves in shape, hairless dark... Of intact leaves handelt sich um eine in Mitteleuropa alteingebürgerte Art, die im Mittelalter als angebaut... Spinier than common sowthistle ( S. oleraceus are very similar in appearance they emerge species used in cuisine! And branched only in the Canary Island of La Gomera soft, leaves... Plant that has not yet sent up a flower stalk be distinguished by its dark green in color pale!