© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Variations. (The Arctic basin and the Antarctic continent -- … It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. It is the hottest desert in the world! The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. The word Sahara comes from the Arabic word sahra’, meaning desert. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples SEE ALSO Sarah. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. The Antarctica and Arctic deserts are cold deserts. Sahara - Sahara - Climate: The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. Area: 9 100 000 sq km (3 500 000 sq miles). The meaning of Sahara is " Desert ". Because of the stability of the shield, subsequently deposited Paleozoic formations have remained horizontal and relatively unaltered. Although these industries have introduced potentially high-wage jobs to the Sahara, they are also responsible for the displacement of desert peoples from their traditional modes of existence and have contributed to the increasing overcrowding and poverty in developed regions. Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. Sahara Name Meaning. Algeria. Other organisms, although adapted more for a Mediterranean or tropical climate than an arid one, have persisted in the Sahara mostly by sticking to its slightly more hospitable highlands and oases. Sahara Desert The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert area. CREATIVE FORMS (female) In recent years it has been extending southwards into the Sahel. The dunes ca… The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks third … All rights reserved. The principal types of dunes include tied dunes, which form in the lee of hills or other obstacles; parabolic blowout dunes; crescent-shaped barchans and transverse dunes; longitudinal seifs; and the massive, complex forms associated with sand seas. The highest point in the desert is the 11,204-foot (3,415-metre) summit of Mount Koussi in the Tibesti Mountains in Chad. Many of the organisms that can survive have been able to do so with adaptations for arid environments: for example, many herbaceous plants found in the Sahara are ephemerals, meaning that almost all of their life cycle—from germination to seed dispersal—occurs in the two- to three-week period after a heavy rain. “Monolith” vs. “Megalith”: What’s The Difference? Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Sahara is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Professor of Geography, University of Bristol, England, 1957–77. As a verb, it means to leave someone or something. Temperature of the Sahara Desert proper noun. The word ṣaḥrāʾ shares its roots with the Arabic word aṣḥar, which translates to “desert-like” and specifically connotes the yellowish red color that characterizes the Sahara’s sandy expanses. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! • SAHARA DESERT (noun) The noun SAHARA DESERT has 1 sense:. The Sahara in North Africa, is the largest desert in the world except for Antarctica and is the largest hot desert.. Several studies of the rocks in the region indicate that the Sahara became established as a climatic desert approximately 2–3 million years ago, an interval that spanned from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene Epoch. a. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Sahara, (from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, “desert”) largest desert in the world. In the northern Sahara, these formations are also associated with a series of basins and depressions extending from the oases of western Egypt to the chotts of Algeria. (Page of tag Sahara Desert) Modern economic development has disrupted many of these traditional means of subsistence, however, with many desert dwellers seeking more lucrative opportunities in developed regions and oases. Updates? The Sahara Desert covers much of North Africa and spreads from the Red Sea in the east to the Mediterranean in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. https://www.britannica.com/place/Sahara-desert-Africa, LiveScience - The Sahara: Facts, Climate and Animals of the Desert, Sahara - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sahara - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. The Sahara exhibits great climatic variability within its borders, with two major climatic regimes differentiating along a north-south axis: the desert’s northern latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern ones, although also arid, are more tropical and have only one rainy season. VARIANTS Saharah, Saharra, Sahra, Zahara. Author of. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. After World War II, prospecting revealed that the Sahara was laden with oil and mineral resources, which have served as a major attractor of international investment since. Sahara definition: a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The word for the barren desert, because the stress is on the first syllable, is rarely mistaken for the other uses of the word, in which the second syllable is stressed. The Sahara Desert ecoregion covers an area of 4,619,260 km (1,783,510 sq mi) in the hot, hyper-arid center of the Sahara, surrounded on the north, south, east, and west by desert ecoregions with higher rainfall and more vegetation. The Sahara is the world's largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern portion of Africa and covers over 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 sq km) or roughly 10% of the continent. They were now staying in the same hotel in this oasis in the desert of Sahara. Sand dunes (ergs, edeyin, or ramlah) cover great areas of the Sahara. About 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, the Sahara was a region of savanna vegetation and extensive surface water, most of which had disappeared by Roman times. (9,065,000 sq. CREATIVE FORMS (female) The plateaus of the Sahara, such as the Tademaït Plateau of Algeria, are typically covered with angular, weathered rock. The serirs and regs differ in character in various regions of the desert but are believed to represent Cenozoic depositional surfaces. Of Sahara, hostile to those who do not understand their language, 262. S ahara as a girls' name is pronounced sah-HAH-rah. 1. the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa Familiarity information: SAHARA DESERT used as a noun is very rare. When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. (1.) The lowest, 436 feet (133 metres) below sea level, is in the Qattara Depression of Egypt. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The Sahara Desert is the world’s third most extensive desert after the Antarctica and Arctic. It runs through many countries including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and The Sudan. The Sahara, perhaps the best-known desert in the world, starts with a single "s," the same as desert. mi. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Definitions of Sahara from WordNet. Several pyramidal dunes in the Sahara attain heights of nearly 500 feet, while draa, the mountainous sand ridges that dominate the ergs, are said to reach 1,000 feet. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. He was happy when the Khawams opened a series of restaurants of their own, all called Sahara. When they talk about a foreign desert in a place called “X”, they say “Sahra X”. km (3,500,000 sq. People have lived in the Sahara long before recorded history, at certain times in regions that are now too arid for human inhabitance. Even after these lakes ceased to exist, humans survived for centuries in the desert using alternative methods: nomadic pastoralists herded goats, sheep, or camels to whatever pasturage could be found; sedentary agriculturalists, confined to oases, harnessed their limited water resources to grow crops such as date palms and barley; and specialists (for example, blacksmiths) traded wares with their agriculturalist and pastoralist neighbors. Desert in Arabic is “Sahra” and not “Sahara”. What does Sahara mean? In Arabic the Sahara is called Al-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā, or “the Great Desert.” The Arabic word ṣaḥrāʾ simply means “desert,” and its plural form, ṣaḥārāʾ, is where the northern African desert gets its Anglicized name. Its origin is " Hebrew ". A vast desert in North Africa, extending from the Atlantic in the west to the Red Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. See more. Just look at the Sahara Desert, which 6000 years ago was a tropical jungle. The Sahara is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. Find out more about the name Sahara at BabyNames.com. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The bled is made of very different stuff from the sand-ocean of the Sahara. Occasionally you'll hear someone say, "He got his just deserts," which doesn't have anything to do with abandonment; it means he got what he deserved. The Ahaggar Plateau rises from the barren landscape of the Sahara in southern Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun ṣaḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, ṣaḥārāʾ. See synonyms for Sahara Desert proper noun A vast desert in North Africa that extends from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to the Red Sea on the east and from the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains in the north to the Sahel in the south. The discovery of 7-million-year-old dune deposits throughout northern Chad in 2006, however, suggests that the region became … Another meaning of Sahara is " Moon ". A prominent feature of the plains is the dark patina of ferromanganese compounds, called desert varnish, that forms on the surfaces of weathered rocks. The Sahara is bordered in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the north by the Atlas Mountains and Mediterranean Sea, in the east by the Red Sea, and in the south by the Sahel—a semiarid region that forms a transitional zone between the Sahara to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south. See more. Hebrews midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common ().The "backside of the desert" is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front.The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Genesis 21:14, 21; Exodus 4:27; 19:2; Joshua 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. In the central Sahara, the monotony of the plains and plateaus is broken by prominent volcanic massifs—including Mount ʿUwaynat and the Tibesti and Ahaggar mountains. 2. Oil, natural gas, and coal reserves have been discovered all over northern Africa and particularly have been exploited by various countries, such as Egypt, Libya, and Algeria. At approximately 3.5 million square miles, it is the world's largest desert. km). You see, I came to Sahara Wells hoping to see you, but you were sightseeing. The largest desert in the world, it covers an area of about 9,065,000 sq. Sand sheets and dunes cover approximately 25 percent of the Sahara’s surface. Omissions? Sahara ( n.) the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa; An unusual phenomenon associated with desert sands is their “singing” or booming. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. What does Sahara mean? Though boasting an extremely low primary productivity, the Sahara does manage to support some life. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. About 3,500,000 sq. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. The Sahara Desert has expanded by about 10 percent since 1920, according to a new study. STARTS/ENDS WITH Sa-, -ara. Variations. Other noteworthy formations include the Ennedi Plateau of Chad, the Aïr Massif of Niger, the Iforas Massif of Mali, and the outcroppings of the Mauritanian Adrar region. Archaeological findings indicate that there were once ancient Saharan lakes, upon the shores of which humans lived, hunted, and fished. ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. It is also the world’s largest hot desert extending to an area of 3,600,000 square miles with average temperatures during the hottest months reaching 100.4 to 104.0 °F. The expert explorer will find something interesting in Sahara, but almost any prowler will have a rare time in Panama. The name Sahara comes from an Arabic word, sahra', meaning “desert.” There are also local names in indigenous languages for areas such as the Tanezrouft, which is a pebbly plain in southwest Algeria, and the Tenere (Land of Fear) in Niger. To the south, the Sahara Desert is bounded by the Sahel, which is a semi-arid savannah of Sudan and … Science Magazine Aug 23, 2020 The meaning of Sahara is “Inca Gold, desert, moon”. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? ASSOCIATED WITH arabic. The age of the Sahara has been a matter of some dispute. Satellite data spanning more than twenty years now shows that the Sahel is holding its own against the Sahara and may be recovering with the return of near-normal rainfall. (sə-hâr′ə, -hăr′ə, -hä′rə) A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel. It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Atlas Mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Sahel region. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? When Arabs are talking about the “Sahara” they say “A'Sahra” wich means “the desert”, the one they knows. Dictionary.com Unabridged 2. a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea and from the Mediterranean to central Mali, Niger, Chad, and the Sudan: the largest desert in the world, occupying over a quarter of Africa; rises to over 3300 m (11 000 ft) in the central mountain system of the Ahaggar and Tibesti massifs; large reserves of iron ore, oil, and natural gas. The Sahara sits atop the African Shield, which is composed of heavily folded and denuded Precambrian rocks. Keep in mind that many names may have different meanings in other countries and languages, so be careful that the name that you choose doesn’t mean something bad or unpleasant. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". It had taken the camels and their black-turbaned Berber herders four long days to walk from the Sahara. The climate of the Sahara, Too extreme. The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs). mi. Ancient Origins articles related to Sahara Desert in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. km). km). It extends from the Africa’s Atlantic Ocean side to the Red Sea and consists of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.It is about 5,200 miles long. Related: Top 10 Incredibly Adaptive Sahara Desert Animals. SEE ALSO Sarah. Dictionary entry overview: What does Sahara Desert mean? The American Interest reports that vast aquifers of water have been found beneath the Sahara desert. It stretches from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The name Sahara means Desert and is of Arabic origin. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Thus we have in the northern hemisphere the Sahara desert, the deserts of Arabia, Iran, Turan, Takla Makan and Gobi, and the desert regions of the Great Basin in North America; and in the southern hemisphere the Kalahari desert in Africa, the desert of Australia, and the desert … Can you identify the antonym of “protagonist,” or the opposite of a hero or heroine? A string of dry years shriveled vegetation in Africa's Sahel, causing some to fear that the Sahara Desert was shifting south. Accounts emerge from the harrowing Islamist attack on an oil field in the Sahara Desert. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Sahara is "desert". (Page of tag Sahara Desert) Desertification is a type of land degradation in drylands in which biological productivity is lost due to natural processes or induced by human activities whereby fertile areas become increasingly arid. Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. On another episode of Man vs. Wild, Grylls finds himself the guest of honor after the killing of a goat in the Sahara. The Sahara is the world's largest warm-weather desert, roughly equal in size to the contiguous United States. The enormous desert spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.The Sahara desert has a variety of land features, but is most famous for the sand dune fields that are often depicted in movies. A soldier who runs away from the army is called a deserter. Its origin is " Arabic ". The vast desert encompasses several ecologically distinct regions. The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot, non-polar desert and is located in North Africa. (9,065,000 sq. It is bounded in the east by the Red Sea and it stretches west to the Atlantic Ocean. BBC Aug 25, 2020 The researchers believe the drought began when the drying of the distant Sahara Desert disrupted monsoon rains and triggered droughts throughout the rest of Asia and Africa. The southern reaches of the Sahara end in the Sahel, a semiarid buffer zone that separates the desert from the more temperate savanna biomes beyond. Learn how to say Sahara Desert with EmmaSaying free pronunciation tutorials. The Sahara desert is huge enough all the United States and it means “desert” in Arabic and hence the meaning of “Sahara Desert” would be called as “‘Desert’ Desert”. This can refer to a vast sandy area without vegetation, or any empty, lifeless expanse. Place name: an inhospitable desert in North Africa. A number of other factors affect climatic variability within the Sahara as well: topography does so, as do ocean currents, the latter of which are responsible for the slightly cooler and more humid conditions found on the desert’s western margins. The name Sahara derives from the Arabic noun á¹£aḥrāʾ, meaning desert, and its plural, á¹£aḥārāʾ. Sahara, a desert in North Africa, the largest hot desert in the world. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Over much of the Sahara, these formations were covered by Mesozoic deposits—including the limestones of Algeria, southern Tunisia, and northern Libya, and the Nubian sandstones of the Libyan Desert—and many of the important regional aquifers are identified with them. While the shifts between a green Sahara and a desert do constitute a type of climate change, it’s important to understand that the mechanism differs from what we think of … Some scientists estimate that the Sahara became arid about two to three million years ago, while others contend that it happened before this. Animals such as the desert snail survive by using estivation, a period of dormancy that some animals can enter when encountering extreme environmental stress. It is also related to the adjective aṣḥar, meaning desertlike and carrying a strong connotation of the reddish colour of the vegetationless plains. Arabic word á¹£aḥrā´ (صَحراء), meaning "deserts". In southern Algeria means “the desert”, the Sahara is a name that 's been used primarily parents. 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