Creating an enterprise architecture clarifies how all IT components in an organization work together. It's an easy concept to define, but more difficult to implement effectively. By documenting and defining the structure of an organization and the processes it uses, organizations can ensure important knowledge isn’t lost when key employees leave. A Goal amplifies a Vision – that is, it indicates what must be satisfied on a continuing basis to effectively attain the Vision. It provides a visual blueprint, demonstrating the connection between applications, technologies and data to the business functions they support. It also mandates the assessment of past performance, technical approach, and cost for each task order. Business Model – A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value. Enterprise Architecture (EA) Enterprise architecture (EA) is a discipline for proactively and holistically leading enterprise responses to disruptive forces by identifying and analyzing the execution of change toward desired business vision and outcomes. With erwin Evolve, users benefit from an EAMS that addresses modern challenges. On the internet, information architecture means how a website’s content is organized and presented to its users to facilitate navigation and search functions. Model – A view is comprised of Architecture Models. Learn the difference between Agile, Kanban and Scrum here. The aim is to successfully execute business strategies. Examples of viewpoints: operational, systems, technical, logical, deployment, process, information. Think of an enterprise as a collection of organizations that have a common set of goals in delivering products or services to their market. The intent of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can effectively achieve its current and future objectives. Enterprise Architecture is a rigorous approach for describing the structure of an enterprise. Enterprise architecture (EA) practice exists in every company, but in some companies, it’s dormant or ceremonial, and in some, it’s prominent. An Enterprise Architecture framework provides a collection of best practices, standards, tools, processes, and templates to assist in the creation of the Enterprise Architecture and architectures of various scopes. Business processes often cross-departmental and even organizational boundaries. With this in mind, a useful analogy for understanding EA is city planning. The discipline has become more prevalent in recent years, but the precepts go back almost to the beginning of what is often termed the information age. Practitioners of enterprise architecture, enterprise architects, are responsible for performing the analysis of business structure and processes and are often called upon to draw conclusions from the information collected to address the goals of enterprise architecture: effectiveness, efficiency, agility, and continuity of complex business operations. Combining the As-Is architecture with the vision, whilst taking into account government principles and laws, available funding, space and skills the “city EA” will prepare the To-Be architecture. WHAT is the organization’s business vision, strategy, and objectives that guide the creation of business services or capabilities? Some organizations realize significant benefits using SOA including faster time to market, lower costs, better application consistency and increased agility. WHO is executing defined business services or capabilities? An enterprise architecture framework is a model that organizations use to help them understand the interactions among their various business processes and IT systems. EA delivers value by presenting business and IT leaders with signature-ready recommendations for adjusting policies and projects to achieve target business outcomes that capitalize on relevant business disruptions. From ideation to implementation, EA helps manage the funnel of ideas and the development of systems and processes to create new value. Jon McLeod on Enterprise Architecture: The old-school enterprise architecture is dead. Through EA, organizations benefit from a context-rich, top-down and holistic perspective of their structure, including its limitations and potential. An enterprise architecture management suite enables organizations to inventory their applications to identify redundancies and process gaps and formulate a cohesive plan for rationalization and/or modernization. Application Portfolio Management – The discipline applied to managing software assets to justify and measure the financial benefits of each application in comparison to the costs of the application’s maintenance and operations. This has a range of efficiency benefits, including: Allowing wasteful solutions to be removed or replaced reducing costs and increasing productivity. Such principles are commonly found as a means of harmonizing decision making across an organization. Due to EA’s holistic view of an organization, this acceleration in change and disruption makes EA increasingly relevant. For IT, TCO includes hardware and software acquisition, management and support, communications, end-user expenses and the opportunity cost of downtime, training and other productivity losses. Many of these “moving parts” can go unnoticed, enveloped within the status quo. Architecture Description – An Architecture Description is a work product used to express the Architecture of some System of Interest. Read more in our white paper “How enterprise architecture paves the way into the cloud”. Learn all you need to know about portfolio management in our definitive guide. It emphasizes the generality of interfaces (user interfaces and APIs) via five fundamental generic interface constraints: resource identification (e.g., uniform resource identifier [URI]), manipulation of resources through representations (e.g., HTTP), self-descriptive messages (e.g., Multipurpose Internet Messaging Extensions [MIME] types), hypermedia as the engine of application state (e.g., links) and application neutrality. There are four primary levels of enterprise architecture: business, application, data, infrastructure. Business Information Model – A model illustrating the groupings and relationships between the data elements that make up business documents. Business Architecture Framework – A conceptual view of how business blueprints, business scenarios, and business architecture knowledgebase interrelate to provide a foundation for establishing the business architecture. Knowledge about your customers from data analytics lets you improve and continuously evolve business processes. View our erwin Data Protection and Privacy Policy. To account for this, standardized EA methodologies are commonplace. View – An Architecture View in an AD expresses the Architecture of the System of Interest from the perspective of one or more Stakeholders to address specific Concerns, using the conventions established by its viewpoint. Supply chain management (SCM): The processes of creating and fulfilling demands for goods and services. Risk – One of the elements of a business model assessment, a risk is a type of potential impact to the organization that should be considered as part of business judgment. An enterprise architect (EA) is an enterprise architecture specialist that works closely with stakeholders, including management and subject matter experts (SME), to develop a view of an organization's strategy, information, processes and IT assets. Enterprise architecture, when performed in a disciplined agile manner, is an important enabler of agile software delivery. It encompasses a trading partner community engaged in the common goal of satisfying end customers. We will not distribute or sell your email to any third party at any time. And thanks to data  –our need to store and process it, and the insights it provides – such change is happening faster than ever. The scope of enterprise architecture includes: the people, business processes, information and technology of the enterprise, and their relationships to one another and to the external environment. Over the years, people have developed literally dozens of different frameworks, some of which are designed for a particular niche type of organization.Often, these frameworks view enterprise architecture in terms of layers. They need to keep up with the latest trends in technology and determine whether or not they … Business Capability Roadmap – A capability roadmap is a plan describing a feasible series of carefully scoped initiatives along with the sequence and estimated timelines in which those initiatives should take place, in order to achieve a business objective. Project – A temporary endeavor undertaken to achieve a specific business outcome, creating a unique product, service or result. Due to their scope, cities tend to have a lot of moving parts that operate well and in coordination with each other. Enterprise Architect is the ideal platform to help you to stay in control of your workspace, support your colleagues and team, enable collaboration and build confidence within your most complex projects. An AD may take the form of a document, a set of models, a model repository, or some other form (AD format is not defined by the Standard). A project may be sequenced or grouped with closely related projects within a Program. An enterprise architecture management suite can help identify sensitive information, assign a sensitivity/threat value to it, and see such information in context of the systems where it is stored. By subscribing, you agree to receive weekly emails with information about the latest content available via the erwin Expert Blog. Often referred to as enterprise architecture frameworks, they help keep consistency between departments, people and projects. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a conceptual blueprint that defines the structure and operation of organizations. First, let’s distinguish between theory and practice. An enterprise architect is someone who is responsible for making sure that a company's business strategy uses proper technology systems architecture to achieve its goals. Enterprise architecture involves the practice of analyzing, planning, designing and eventual implementing of analysis on an enterprise. In particular, they are a key element in a successful architecture governance strategy. Usually delivered as a document or architectural model describing the business capabilities as they are, and the changes planned over the course of a future period of time. Processes, principles, strategies, and tools, Prescriptive guidance (EA processes, architecture content, implementation roadmap, governance), Catalog of architecture deliverables and artifacts, Enterprise Architecture Content Meta-model. Examples of concerns: (system) purpose, functionality, structure, behavior, cost, supportability, safety, interoperability. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) – A design paradigm and discipline that helps IT to meet business demands. Enterprise Architecture frameworks typically include: Agile – An iterative approach to planning and guiding project processes. The Value proposition binds together the notions of customer demands, required competencies, revenue models and business partnerships. Since no two organizations are alike, each organization’s approach to designing, defining and describing its enterprise architecture will have its own nuances. In addition to that, there are much other related architecture can be described in the diagram (i.e. One definition, by IASA, is that it is the art and science of designing and delivering valuable technology strategy for business. As a discipline, it has grown from a mechanical design and engineering focus to being applied to many different vertical-industry product development challenges. Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an unexpected driver validating the effectiveness of EA in an organization. Therefore, any attempts to change or expand the city can go awry if the proper considerations have not been made  – and do-overs are expensive. Firstly it is a discipline. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A good enterprise architecture creates a sustainable organization that is able to achieve its current business objectives. There are different visions of what enterprise architecture actually means and a variety of standards for its representation. For example, they might have a business layer, an application layer and/or a data layer. Portfolio Management – The selection, prioritization and control of an organization’s projects and programs in line with its strategic objectives and capacity to deliver. By visiting our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. An Enterprise Architecture Framework Diagram is a classification scheme of architectures and their important artifacts. Enterprise Architecture (EA)is a way of organizing the operations and structure of a business. Meaning that if an enterprise architect leaves, the organization doesn’t have to teach a new architect how to communicate the EA. Architecture Principle – A qualitative statement of intent that should be met by the architecture. Quality Assurance – The maintenance of a desired level of quality in a service or product, especially by means of attention to every stage of the process of delivery or production. A Data Object Fact Sheet can be linked to Applications and Interfaces and stores additional information about data sensitivity. Post-mortem says the cause of death was too much in-breeding and self-asphyxiation. It also helps organizations take a structured approach to training new employees. You can tackle all of the EA use cases described above with the added benefits of remote work and collaboration features. As the amount of data grows exponentially, organizations turn to ... erwin Positioned as a Leader in Gartner’s 2020 Magic Quadrant for Metadata Management Solutions for Second Year in a Row. This means organizations have a better understanding of what can and should change –  and how. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the alignment of these architecture domains: business, information, process, and technology. Application Architecture – A description of the structure and interaction of the applications as groups of capabilities that provide key business functions and manage the data assets. Enterprise Architecture vs. City Planning. *. Solution Architecture – An architectural description of a specific solution. Think City Planning. What Is Enterprise Architecture? Enterprise architecture (EA) is a strategic planning initiative that helps align business and IT. An excellent enterprise architecture strategy is future-oriented. Even if an organization isn’t changing, the world is changing around it. Solution architectures combine guidance from different enterprise architecture viewpoints (business, information and technical), as well as from the enterprise solution architecture. Many EA frameworks combine data and application domains into a single information system layer, sitting below the business and above the technology (the platform IT infrastructure). enterprise architectures, functional business segment architectures, cross-cutting technology domain architectures, and solution architectures) and enables an organization to leverage the value of architecture best practices. Policies are used to direct decisions, and to ensure consistent and appropriate development and implementation of Processes, Standards, Roles, Activities, IT Infrastructure etc. An Enterprise Architect with almost thirty years of IM/IT experience. Through effective EA, organizations are better able to identify risks and opportunities, address redundancies and process gaps, and create roadmaps to bridge the gap between the current and desired future state of an organization. The business model assessment is composed of one or more business judgments and puts perspective around the model or models evaluated. Advance.That was the theme of the global c... From Chaos to Control with Data Intelligence. Viewpoint – An Architecture Viewpoint is a set of conventions for constructing, interpreting, using and analyzing one type of Architecture View. SOA creates simpler and faster systems that increase agility and reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO). Value Proposition – The central notion of a business model, the value proposition describes how the business, through its activities, adds value to the consumer or marketplace. So it’s essential that an organization understands where it will be at any given period of time, so it’s better prepared to deal with disruption. The plan must comply with regulations – such as zoning laws – and be mindful of the city’s current state and its infrastructure. Product Lifecycle Management – A philosophy, process, and discipline supported by software for managing products through the stages of their life cycles, from concept through retirement. We use cookies to offer you a better experience. Each model is constructed in accordance with the conventions established by its Model Kind, typically defined as part of its governing viewpoint. Enterprise principals – A basis for decision-making throughout an enterprise. Concern – A Concern is any interest in the system. A common enterprise architecture enables reuse across delivery teams. An enterprise architecture roadmap does not have to be in contrast with efforts to promote an agile enterprise architecture. In the age of data-driven business, the most common EA use cases are: EA helps organizations adapt to and implement new technologies to improve product offerings, the customer experience and services provided. Enterprise architecture is really three things. This dynamic is also fuelling a demand for agile EA. Enterprise Information Architecture – The part of the enterprise architecture process that describes — through a set of requirements, principles and models — the current state, future state and guidance necessary to flexibly share and exchange information assets to achieve effective enterprise change. Has at least a supporting rationale and a measure of importance. Learn all you need to know about technology risk management in our definitive guide! erwin Evolve was included in Forrester’s “Now Tech: EAMS for Q1 2020” report. Roger Evernden explains by answering four questions. A viewpoint includes Model Kinds, viewpoint languages and notations, modeling methods and analytic techniques to frame a specific set of Concerns. Business architecture domain – describes how the enterprise is organizationally structured and what functional capabilities are necessary to deliver the business vision. It provides a visual blueprint, demonstrating the connection between applications, technologies and data to the business functions they support. Business Process – An event-driven, end-to-end processing path that starts with a customer request and ends with a result for the customer. An AD describes one possible Architecture for a System. Why Is Enterprise Architecture Important? Your email address will not be published. The scope of enterprise architecture includes: the people, business processes, information and technology of the enterprise, and their relationships to one another and to the external environment. Business architecture addresses the questions WHAT and WHO: WHAT is the organization’s business vision, strategy, and objectives that guide creation of business services or capabilities? A good use of the Data Object is when you want to manage data sensitivity or manage consistency of business information. Examples of stakeholders: client, owner, user, consumer, supplier, designer, maintainer, auditor, CEO, certification authority, architect. Software-As-A-Solution (SaaS) – Software that is owned, delivered and managed remotely by one or more providers. This greatly speeds up the preparation for and response to compliance audits. @2020 by Visual Paradigm. An enterprise architect is responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of an organization’s IT networks and services. A well managed enterprise architecture results in an effective enterprise. The four commonly accepted domains of enterprise architecture are: Business architecture domain – describes how the enterprise is organizationally structured and what functional capabilities are necessary to deliver the business vision. Data Object – Reflects information about important business items. They manage too much data or have too much technology for them to … This could be data of the kind of account, employee or organization. Enterprise architecture is the process of creating models for how all of an organization’s data and information should be stored, managed, and sent. Common EA frameworks include ArchiMate, TOGAF and the Zachman Framework. These roadmaps can be developed for initiatives such as: Communicating a change management plan — for example, to move the company to new tools or technology. A city planner formulates a master plan of where people will live and the services they will need. Statement of Work (SOW): An objectives section allowing the customer to emphasize the desired end state or performance metric to be achieved. Since Stephen Spewak’s Enterprise Architecture Planning (EAP) in 1993, and perhaps before then, it has been normal to divide enterprises architecture into four architecture domains. Most organizations aren’t able to manage their enterprise architecture on their own. Key Performance Indicator (KPI) – A high-level metric that reflects a process or characteristic that is typically measured on a business leader’s scorecard. Cloud Transformation – The process of moving data, applications or other business elements from an organization’s onsite computers to the cloud, or moving them from one cloud environment to another. Thus, EA provides a blueprint for an effective IT strategy and guides the controlled evolution of IT in a way that delivers business benefit in a cost-effective way. The focus of innovation and agile EA is to increase the agility of the business for digital transformation. Resource – An economic or productive factor required to accomplish an activity, or as a means to undertake an enterprise and achieve the desired outcome. Enterprise Architecture has emerged as a discipline that can help steer the 'ship' of the enterprise through both quiet and turbulent waters, charting a course from its current location to a future location in a safe and streamlined way. Each project has a life cycle that typically includes specific project phases:  initiation, planning, execution, and closure. Click here for a list of erwin’s global offices. Read a case study here. SOA reduces redundancy and increases usability, maintainability, and value. Enterprise Architecture – A discipline for proactively and holistically leading enterprise responses to disruptive forces by identifying and analyzing the execution of change toward desired business vision and outcomes. All rights reserved. Value Stream – A sequence of business processes the boundaries of which are typically defined by business transactions. Business Capability Modeling – A technique for the representation of an organization’s business anchor model, independent of the organization’s structure, processes, people or domains. The customer determines the relative importance of each criterion. Transform. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a strategic planning initiative that helps align business and IT. EA helps simplify migration efforts by identifying and documenting hardware and software packages. Enterprise Architecture reduces redundancy, complexity and information silos and business risks associated with IT investments. Enterprise architects have an enormous degree of responsibility, and typically report directly to the chief information officer (CIO). Environment – The environment, or context, in which the system exists including the social, business and technical aspects. Business Policy – Formally documented management expectations and intentions. Data architecture domain – describes the structure of an organization’s logical and physical data assets and data management resources. Learn how to get started with business capability modeling in 4 steps! Simply stated, enterprise architecture framework (EAF) refers to any framework, process, or methodology which informs how to create and use an enterprise architecture.So, what is enterprise architecture?At a high level, enterprise architecture offers a comprehensive approach and holistic view of IT throughout an enterprise. Learn. There is no shortage of EA frameworks in the IT industry, Zachman was the first to formalize the concept and publish a framework. EA provides context and perspective as to how and where data is used, including the applications, policies and processes that leverage it. Learn more in our definitive guide to business capabilities! Enterprise architecture (EA) refers to the practice of carrying out enterprise analysis, planning, design, and implementation. This produces interoperable, modular systems that are easier to use and maintain. Share a Unified Corporate Strategy Record ideas, manage workflows and review org charts As a practice, EA involves the documentation, analysis, design and implementation of an organization’s assets and structure. planning and implementing enterprise analysis to successfully execute on business strategies Architecture – The organization of a System in terms of components, their relationships to each other and the environment. With erwin Evolve, you’ll ensure your people, processes and technologies meet your business needs today and tomorrow – wherever business is done. As organization’s become increasingly complex, agile enterprise architecture can help organizations avoid over-analysis – often dubbed “analysis paralysis” – and take a “just-in-time”, “just-enough” approach to modeling. They represent end-to-end sequences such as “order to cash” or “idea to available product”. An enterprise architecture roadmap is a strategic blueprint that communicates how a company’s IT plans will help the organization achieve its business objectives. Purpose The purpose of a system is a concern of the relevant stakeholders. These involve utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes by performi… Often compared with town-planning or urban design, enterprise architecture (EA) is a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation for the successful development and execution of strategy. Starting out her career as a system engineer/developer Lisa spent fifteen plus years working hands on with technology and understands the power behind it. EA helps determine which applications to migrate to the cloud, including assessing the associated risks and operational impacts, as well as lift-and-shift strategies when moving from one provider to another. Scrum – A framework for project management that emphasizes teamwork, accountability and iterative progress toward a well-defined goal. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the alignment of these architecture domains: business, information, process, and technology. Enterprise Architecture is similar to City Planning in the sense that one should have an overview, provide guidelines, start from the (business) requirements and deal with changing environments. Each framework possesses different strengths and weaknesses. 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