This study examined the effect of strategic orientations (market, entrepreneurial, learning, and technological orientations) on organizational performance in the case of Addis International Bank, Ethiopia (an emerging economy). Thus, the implications of the research cannot be applied to the service sector. Harry Braverman Marxist organization theory Jeffrey Pfeffer and Gerald D.Salancik Resource-based theory Michael T. Hannan and John H. Freeman Population ecology Erving Goffman Symbolic interactionsm Oliver E. Williamson Transaction cost Ronald Coase . The rationale for contingency management is described, with a call for expansion of this technique outside the USA. Teacher scaffolding, in which teachers support students adaptively or contingently, is assumed to be effective. The following is a list of the most cited articles based on citations published in the last three years, according to CrossRef. These criticisms are discussed and various solutions are suggested. Drawing on stakeholder theory and contingency theory, this study empirically investigates the relationship between responsible leadership (RL) and each dimension of triple bottom line performance. Knowledge of management theories (along other factors) is basic requirement for managers of any organization to meet the challenges of the organization. This paper aims to review organizational studies literature and related fields to explore the parallel between organizations and organisms in dealing with change. Effectiveness is a key notion of the contingency approach as it is essential in the adaptation and survival of the organization. Contingency theory. Fiedler (1967) placed these two styles on opposite ends of a continuum and developed a scale he called the Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) scale. The purpose of this paper was to examine the intervening role of export-related resources in the relationship between export assistance (EA) and export performance (EP) as well as the role of competitive intensity as a driver for the adoption of EA programmes by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). There have also been several published criticisms of the Fiedler Contingency Model. Design/methodology/approach This study examines how managing information technology (MIT) effects on firm performance by looking at the mediating role of IT strategy and business strategy. According to Pearson's Correlation analysis, it is reported that idiocentric cultural values (r=0,233, p<0.05), allocentric cultural values (r=0,551, p<0.05), embedded relations (r=0,389, p<0.05), andin-group trust (r=0,596, p<0.01) had significant positive relations; while out-group trust (r=-0,253, p<0.05) and environmental uncertainty(r=-0,509, p<0.01) had significant negative relations with perceived social capital. Introduction This paper provides an overview of the research on management accounting and control which has used a contingent perspective. Contingency management is highly efficacious in improving outcomes in substance misuse. All rights reserved. Thus, this paper uniquely contributes to HRD literature by encouraging OD researchers to conduct more interdisciplinary research. 6, pp. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. Donaldson 1995 is an edited collection of some of the classic articles on structural contingency theory. 63 No. Classical contingency theory has gradually evolved since the late 1950s. Organizations in the 21st century deal with constant changes such as globalization, technological evolutions, regulatory changes, competition, and other unexpected events, among others. Researchers claimed that the contingency theory inferences that ''performance is a consequence of the fit between several factors: structure, people, technology, strategy, and culture'', ... For instance, individuals can hold different affect regarding a given object based on the same affect transferred from related objects. goals for the field of management. Contingency theory, performance management and organisational effectiveness in the third sector: A theoretical framework. Moreover, it will be the first study to test mediating role of corporate reputation and innovation between the above-mentioned relationship and will also validate contingency theory. Whereas a great deal of research has evaluated these interventions empirically, few treatment providers integrate this approach in practice. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Journal of Strategy and Performance Management, 1(2), 78-88. The main idea of this early theory is that leadership effectiveness (in terms of group performance) depends on the interaction of two factors: the … In order to succeed, there must be strong leader-member relations. Contingency Leadership Theory 76 Al-Tanzim Vol. ipate in the study. For this purpose, a comprehensive sample of the articles (N=1303) on this topic published between 1999 and 2010 in high-quality management and business journals was analyzed using citation analysis and qualitative content analysis. Send me your email and I'll send you a dfraft, understand how people make decisions under uncertainty; study the role of goal orientation in video game choices. 3. Leaders must also present tasks clearly and with goals and procedures outlined. A contingent leader effectively applies their own style of leadership to the right situation. PDF | On Jul 3, 2018, Naziru Suleiman and others published Explored and Critique of Contingency Theory for Management Accounting Research | Find, read and cite all … Value creation facilitated by emerging digital technologies alters costs, as well as process performance. Further, innovation mediated the relationship between responsible leadership and each dimension of triple bottom line performance. 2017), PP 35-43 www.iosrjournals.org DOI: 10.9790/487X-1911033543 www.iosrjournals.org 35 | Page Literature Review on Leadership Theories Sultan Aalateeg1 1(Business Administration Department/ Almajmaa University, Saudi Arabia. 20,33,34. However, the intervening role of IT strategy and business strategy on the effect of managing IT on firm performance remains less strong. Reviews and Testimonials. Research limitations/implications Health care administrators can avoid many of these problems by using a hybrid contingency theory framework that blends the manager's own perceptions and experience with established contingency models. 13, No. NAAS Rating: 3.09- Articles can be sent to email@example.com purpose . Volume 1, Issue 2, 78-88. The Contingency Approach *Grouped Scientific and Bureaucracy theories as Classical Approach Source: Adaptation from various Authors' … Fiedler's work proves that it is possible. Volume 19, Issue 1. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Practical implications Features of Contingency Theory 2. 1 No. However, the normative decision model is a unique contingency theory in its exclusive focus on providing prescriptions to optimize the leader's decision-making process. Contingency theory proposes that for L&D to be effective, it should be aligned with dimensions of the external and internal environment (Harney, 2016). Furthermore, while managing conflicts in entrepreneurial teams is a key to effective entrepreneurial learning, very few studies have focused on the relationships between individual entrepreneurial characteristics, interpersonal conflicts and the construction of an individual entrepreneurial identity. Volume 1, Issue 2, 78-88. Contingency theory is not a new concept in organizational research. Contingency Theory: Some Suggested Directions . Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. Drawing on the resource-based view of IT and contingency perspective, theoretical insights for managing IT and the mediating effect of IT strategy and business strategy on firm performance are established. The chapter comprises three main parts. Administrative and Bureaucratic) were reviewed in this article. The findings highlight that managing IT does not merely influence better firm performance; instead, the coherent amalgamation of IT strategy and business strategy can enrich firm performance. Moreover, we tested the mediating effect of corporate reputation and innovation between responsible leadership and TBL performance. The contingency theories of leadership express the need for the leader to adjust the behavior based on a rational understanding of the situation and assume a leadership style that is appropriate for the occasion. Most importantly, this paper contributes to understanding the underlying theories in HRD/OD. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. 680-703. The effect of EA on EP was tested in Serbia, the research context in which this effect was not tested before. This study contributes to the mobile health (mHealth) literature by investigating patients’ actual behavior based on their interactions with MMSs from an affect transfer perspective. Descriptive and correlation analyses, followed by multiple linear regression analysis, were used to test the hypotheses stated and answer the research questions. The choice among active optics, rigid mirrors, and mosaic mirrors is discussed. It is hoped that HRD researchers, especially organization development (OD) theorists and practitioners, can build upon the ideas presented in this article. 2 0 obj
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