(And Do They Mate With Other Species). There are five major breeds of cattle of which Tharparkar breed yields the highest quantity of milk, and the Kanker breed is suitable both as a beast of burden and as a milk producer. Precipitation: 0.35". Humidity: 61%. In June, July, and August, this desert ha… The climate in the summers is extremely hot and unbearable for those who are not used to it. The name Thar is derived from thul, the general term for the region’s sand ridges. The Thar Desert gets most of its rainfall in December and January. The prevailing languages are Sindhi in the southwest, Lahnda in the northwest, and Rajasthani languages—especially Marwari—in central and eastern portions of the Thar. All Rights Reserved . Omissions? The partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 left most of the irrigation canals fed by the rivers of the Indus system in Pakistani territory, while a large desert region remained unirrigated on the Indian side of the border. Hydrosphere: Importance, Examples and Facts, Sahara desert: Location, Weather, Temperature, and Countries That Sahara Desert Cover, Aquifers: Where are They Found, Types of Aquifers and How Do They Work, 25+ Fascinating Facts About Rainbows That Will Stir Your Curiosity, What are Coastal Landforms? Natural vegetation of Thar Desert is composed of following tree, … Low Temp: 48 °F. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the summer there is little to no rain. Thar Desert T ourism Elements: The Thar Desert is located in Rajasthan and 60 percent of the total area belongs to Thar Desert. However, sound acquirers have been detected in the central part of the desert. During January, the coldest month, the mean minimum temperature ranges between 41 and 50 °F (5 and 10 °C), and frost is frequent. (And Which Foods to Avoid), Can Squirrels Eat Raisins? But still, this arid region receives a low annual rainfall (4-20 inches) as compared to the other parts of India. The Thar desert is surrounded by Satluj River Basin, Rann of Kachchh, Aravali Range of hills and Indus River Basin. The thinly populated grasslands support blackbucks, chikara (gazelles), and some feathered game, notably francolins (partridges) and quail. Refrences Wildlife The Thar desert has many wildlife species. Precipitation levels are in the Thar Desert are very low, between 120-240mm, and evaporation rates are high. The desert is also the home of the endangered great bustard. The Thar Desert extends between the Aravalli Hills in the north-east, the Great Rann of Kutch along the coast and the alluvial plains of the Indus River in the west and north-west. It adds to the uniqueness of the country and is home to several distinct vegetation and vibrant wildlife. In India, the desert extends from Gujarat in the west to Punjab and Haryana in the north and northeast, the Aravalli range in the southeast and the Rann of Kutch in the south. These plants are stunted, thorny, or prickly shrubs. Updates? Take this quiz. The subtropical desert climate there results from persistent high pressure and subsidence at that latitude. In 1998, again it did two more explosions in a place called Pokhran located in Thar desert. Explanation: The Thar desert is located on the northern westernmost part of India and cover a distance of about 200,000 km square thereby forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. A study conducted by Rao and Poonia (2012) has predicted that by the 21st-century end, the temperature of Bikaner will increase by +3.8 degree Centigrade, Jaisalmer by +3.6 degree Centigrade, Jodhpur by +2.8 degree Centigrade and Pali by +2.3 degree Centigrade, if the current rate of warming continues. The Thar’s desert sands overlie Archean (early Precambrian) gneiss (metamorphic rocks formed between 4 billion and 2.5 billion years ago), Proterozoic (later Precambrian) sedimentary rocks (formed about 2.5 billion to 541 million years ago), and more-recent alluvium (material deposited by rivers). In winter, the days are warm, and the nights are freezing. NEXT> Powered … Among birds, one can see Great Indian Bustard and Great Indian Spotted Eagles apart from peacocks, bulbul, and vultures. About 90 percent of the total annual rainfall occurs during the season of the southwest monsoon, from July to September (see also Indian monsoon). They provide nutritive pasturage as well as medicines used locally by the inhabitants. My host Gemar Singh, or Gemar ji as we called him, loves to emphasise that the Thar, the 17th largest desert in the world, is a “living desert”. The other crops include corn, jowar, groundnuts, sesame, etc. The canal begins at the Harike Barrage, at the meeting point of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab, and continues in a southwestern direction for around 470 km. As crops fail and livestock wither and die, tribal communities that have survived for centuries are breaking apart. In February every year, a Desert Festival is conducted in the city of Jaisalmer. Most groundwater cannot be utilized, because it lies deep underground and is often saline. A professional writer, editor, blogger, copywriter, and a member of the International Association of Professional Writers and Editors, New York. Water is a scarce resource in the Thar. It is one of the major hot deserts of the world with the highest population density. Flora. Development challenges in the Thar Desert. Most of the desert’s inhabitants reside in rural areas and are distributed in varying densities. One million years ago, the river Sarasvati used to flow through this region to the Indian Ocean. The desert is limited to the south by the Great Rann of Cutch. Hot deserts are hostile, remote and challenging environments for development. Those lakes are fed by short intermittent streams, which experience flash floods during occasional intense rains and become dry and lose their identity once…. An avid reader and a nature lover by heart, when he is not working, he is probably exploring the secrets of life. Dust storms and dust-raising winds, often blowing with velocities of 87 to 93 miles (140 to 150 km) per hour, are common in May and June. The canal begins at the Harike Barrage—at the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in the Indian Punjab—and continues in a southwesterly direction for some 290 miles (470 km). A thick accumulation of lime often occurs at varying depths. The temperature can fall below freezing in the winter and rise as high as 50 degrees Celsius during the summer season. It is characterised by sand, scrub, strong winds, and absurdly high day temperatures. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. Section of the Sukkur Barrage irrigation project, on the Indus River, southern Thar Desert, Pakistan. A wide variety of birds and animals can be found in the Thar desert. Among the most prominent groups are the Rajputs, who inhabit the central Thar. (Albinism), Can Squirrels Eat Almonds? The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates a vast amount of land in the Indian portion of the Thar. January Climate & Weather Averages in Thar Desert. The hottest seasons are June and July while the coldest seasons include January and December. Thar Desert Climate. The Sukkur Barrage on the Indus River, completed in 1932, irrigates the southern Thar region in Pakistan by means of canals, and the Gang Canal carries water from the Sutlej River to the northwest. Good aquifers have been detected in the central part of the desert. (And Process of Formation), Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification. The perennial plants have developed unique features known as xerophytic adaptations that help them survive in the meager water conditions. These are small hills formed by the wind blowing over the sand in the desert. One railway line serves the southern part of the region. The Thar Desert covers some 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) of territory. In general, the nomads are symbiotically related to the sedentary population and its economy. The days are sweltering, and nights are cooler. The months of April, May and June are the hottest ones during the day. It is less than 10 inches per annum. Ultimately, the river dried forever. In some years, some deserts may experience no rainfall at all. Why Do White Rabbits Have Red Eyes? Whatever seasonal rain falls is collected in tanks and reservoirs and is used for drinking and domestic purposes. Come check it out on our Flora and Fauna pages, to see how true this really is. Rajasthan has several national parks which are home to animals including nilgai, camel, blackbuck, Indian wild ass, and chinkara. The average temperature ranges from 75 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit or 24 to 26 degrees Celsius in summer and 39 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit or 4 to 10 degrees Celsius in winter. Desert or arid climate is experienced in arid regions and it is characterized by very low precipitation, ranging between 25 mm and 200 mm annually. Droughts are quite frequent in the Thar desert, which impacts its flora and fauna adversely. Climate Wildlife Come And Visit! In some deserts such as Arica in Chile, the average annual rainfall is about 1 mm. (And Which Foods Do They Actually Like), How do Rainbows Form? Several playas (saline lake beds), locally known as dhands, are scattered throughout the region. The Thar Desert experiences a subtropical desert climate and high pressure. Hot in the day and cool at night. About Thar Desert: The Thar Desert also known as the Great Indian Desert is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent and forms a natural boundary running along the border between India and Pakistan. The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is located in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent, to the west of the Aravalli Mountain Range. The Indira Gandhi canal provides water for irrigation to the vast area of the Thar. The soils consist of several main groups—desert soils, red desertic soils, sierozems (brownish gray soils), the red and yellow soils of the foothills, the saline soils of the depressions, and the lithosols (shallow weathered soils) and regosols (soft loose soils) found in the hills. The region receives very little rainfall. Hindu pilgrims gathering at Pushkar, in the Thar Desert, Rajasthan state, India. The region receives very little rainfall. Water supply. The Climate in the Thar desert is like any other desert. Physiography and geology• There are three principal landforms in the desert region — the predominantly sand covered Thar, the plains with hills including the central dune free country and the semi-arid area surrounding the Aravalli range.• Climate. The surface consists of aeolian (wind-deposited) sand that has accumulated over the past 1.8 million years. Fauna