These primordial waters described in Genesis 1 are the symbol of chaos in many ancient Near Eastern stories, including some biblical accounts. H8415 - תְּהוֹם tᵉhôwm, teh-home'; or תְּהֹם tᵉhôm; (usually feminine) from ; an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean watersupply):—deep (place), depth. Nevertheless, there is “the deep” (tehom), the watery abyss. In the flood story of Genesis 6-9, the waters of the deep (tehom) well up to return But the Enuma Elish elucidates many points that have elements in common with the Bible: the younger generation toppling an older one, infanticide, vilification of one's enemies to name a few. Here I would recall the warning given in closing my first paper, viz., It is THE YAHWEH-TEHOM MYTH 333 It is now time to ask, If the Bible presents a cosmogony which the teaching of science presumably shows to be contrary to fact, what is the use of retaining this as part of an inspired volume? Bible gives no suggestion of a connection of this underground water with mythology or an underworld or a sea on which the earth floats or any such thing. Abyss. As such it was equated with the earlier Sumerian Tiamat.In Modern Arabic, Tihamah refers to a coastal plain of the Red Sea. Min Suc Kee, Ph.D. University of Manchester (England), teaches Bible at the Korea Baptist Theological University in Daejeon, South Korea. In both stories, there is a division of the waters above and below, with a barrier holding back the upper waters. Who are the Watchers in the Bible? A STUDY ON THE DUAL FORM OF MAYIM, WATER * MIN SUC KEE . Genesis refers to the “deep.” The Hebrew word is tehom, which is linguistically related to Tiamat. The “Tehom” basically means the ocean and lakes and gives us no real clue to any cosmology. Critics and skeptics said that the name Canaan was not in use at such an early date and the word tehom (“the deep” used in Gen. 1:2) was said to be a late word demonstrating the late writing of the creation story. Nebuchadnezzar’s dream involved watchers, stating, “I saw in the visions of my head while on my bed, and there was a watcher, a holy one, coming down from heaven” (Daniel 4:13). In both stories, light exists before the creation of the sun, moon, and stars. Also, in 1:2 God hovers over “the deep,” which is tehom in Hebrew and is similar to the word Tiamat in Enuma Elish. In fact, Genesis 1:21 even mentions that God created the “great sea monsters” (another Hebrew word tanninim, taken from Canaanite mythology). The Bible includes a number of texts in which God battles and tames the chaotic sea, like Marduk battling Tiamat, who embodies the sea. In our English Bibles, the Greek word abyssos [] is transliterated as "abyss" (RSV "bottomless pit") in every instance except Romans 10:7, where it is translated "the deep. The term for “watcher” is from Aramaic, one of the few times in the Old Testament that Aramaic is used instead of Hebrew. In fact the Hebraic disregard for Tehom more closely matches that of the Babylonians, towards Tiamat. But in Gen 1, God is already superior to “the Deep,” which in Hebrew is tehom, a word related to Tiamat. Thanks for sharing the article. "In the Septuagint abyssos [] translates Tehom almost exclusively, but in rare instances ShuLam ( Isa 44:27), MeshuLam ( Job 41:22), and Racha ( Job 36:16).. Tehom (Hebrew: תְּהוֹם), literally the Deep or Abyss (Greek Septuagint: ábyssos), refers to the Great Deep of the primordial waters of creation in the Bible.Tehom is a cognate of the Akkadian word tamtu and Ugaritic t-h-m which have similar meaning. But what shall we say of the waters under the earth? 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